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Sunday,03 July, 2022
Historical Overview

Name: Republican Guard Brigade

Date of formation: May 14, 1984

- Place of formation: Baabda
- Document of formation: Service Memorandum No. 6970 / AI / Technical / P dated 14 May 1984
Since the election of the first President of the Lebanese Republic under the French mandate in 1926 and into the post-independence era, a gendarmerie unit known as the "Dragon" provided protection for the President of the Republic. In 1949, the Lebanese Army Command formed the Republican Guard and charged it with protecting the President of the Republic and his family members, and with defending the Presidential Palace (located in Qantari at the time). The Republican Guard answered directly to army headquarters and consisted of:

  1. The Guard and Protocol Detachment
  2. The Escort Detachment
  3. The Reserve and Training Detachment
-In 1969, a decision was taken to form the Republican Guard Regiment (dropped).
-In 1974, the Independent Republican Guard was formed by virtue of Service Memorandum No 3725 / D P S, dated 31 October 1973.
-In 1982, the Republican Guard was renamed the Republican Guard Battalion, effective 1st January 1982, by virtue of Service Memorandum No. 14276 / A I / Technical dated 14 November 1981. It answered directly to Army Command and consisted of:
  1. The Command and Services companies
  2. The Guard and Protocol companies (100 elements in every company, including an 81-mm mortar detachment of two units for each company).
-By virtue of Service Memorandum No. 1857 / A I / T / S dated 28 December 1982, the Republican Guard Brigade was formed, starting at zero hour 1st January 1983, pursuant to the following:
  1. Command and the Command company
  2. The First Republican Guard Battalion
  3. The remaining units to be formed subsequently as needed and at the recommendation of the Commander of the Brigade
  4. Army Band company
-By virtue of Service Memorandum No. 14950 / A I / Technical / A dated 5 July 1983, the second Republican Guard Battalion was formed, effective as of 7 July 1983 and organized along the same lines as the Republican Guard Battalion formed on January 1st, 1982. -By virtue of Service Memorandum No. 6970 / A I / Technical / A dated 14 May 1984, the Republican Guard Brigade was cancelled and reconstituted according to a new organizational setup, and the Army Band company was attached to the Command and Support Brigade according to the following:
  1. Command and Command company
  2. First Guard and Protocol Battalion
  3. Second Guard and Protocol Battalion
  4. Third Guard and Protocol Battalion
-By Cable Transmission No. 7348 / A I / Technical / A dated 22 May 1984, the Brigade's units were renamed as follows:
  1. The first Republican Guard Battalion
  2. The Second Republican Guard Battalion
  3. The Third Republican Guard Battalion (to be formed subsequently).
By virtue of Service Memorandum No. 8184 / A I / Technical / A dated 11 June 1984, the Second Republican Guard Battalion was cancelled and the Support Battalion was formed within the Brigade as of July 1st, 1984.
The Second Republican Guard Battalion was reestablished as of May 1st, 1992 and was placed under the administrative supervision of the Logistics Battalion.
By virtue of Service Memorandum No. 797 / P S / 797 / Personnel / S dated 21 October 1999, the schedule for personnel and equipment of the Republican Guard Brigade was modified to include the Medical Center as previously planned, and thus comprised :
  1. The Command and the Command company
  2. The First Battalion (Guard and Protocol)
  3. The Second Battalion (Protection and Escort)
  4. The Support Battalion
  5. The Logistics Battalion
  6. The Medical Center

Affiliation:

By virtue of Service Memorandum No. 6970 / A I / Technical / A dated 14 May 1984 the Republican Guard Brigade was cancelled and reconstituted to become directly answerable to Army Command.

Organization:

The Republican Guard Brigade consists of:

  1. The Brigade Command: Brigade Commander, Brigade Deputy Commander, Brigade Chief of Staff
  2. Divisions: First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Automation Division.
  3. Battalions: First, Second, Support, Logistics.
  4. Command Company, Medical Center.

Achievement Record:

The Republican Guard Brigade ranked first in the athletic competitions of the Army championships held from 1996 to 2006.
Officers Who Assumed Charge of the Brigade's Command:

- Brigadier General Munir Sardouk, 1 January 1983 – 28 June 1983
- Lieutenant Colonel Louis Kassis, 29 June 1983 – 31 December 1983
- Colonel Louis Kassis, 1 January 1984 – 2 October 1988
- Colonel Francois El-Zein, 3 October 1988 – 31 December 1988
- Brigadier General Francois El-Zein, 1 January 1989 – 19 February 1989
- Brigadier General Michel Abu Rizk, 20 February 1989 – 16 October 1990
- Colonel Michel Harrouk, 17 October 1990 – 1 July 1994
- Brigadier General Michel Harrouk, 2 July 1994 – 23 November 1998
- Colonel Moustafa Hamdan, 24 November 1998 – 31 December 2003
- General Moustafa Hamdan, 1 January 2004 – 5 July 2004
- Brigadier General Moustafa Hamdan, 6 July 2004 – 1 September 2005
- Brigadier General Khalil Mousinn, handling the Brigade's affairs 2 September 2005 – 27 December 2007
- Brigadier General Khalil Mousinn, 28 December 2007 – 26 May 2008
- General Wadeeh Ghafari, 27 May 2008 to date

Martyrs:

A- Officers martyred in defense of the homeland

  1. Major Nayef Karam Saliba, 10 May 2001
  2. Staff Sergeant Daoud El-Soueidy, 2 April 1976
  3. Staff Sergeant Nimr Nakhle, 3 March 1984
  4. Staff Sergeant Georges Tanios Lattouf, 13 October 1990
  5. Sergeant Jehjah El-Hashem, 29 January 1975
  6. Sergeant Dib Ghanem, 21 August 1989
  7. Sergeant Mohammed Kibar, 12 April 1989
  8. Sergeant Simon Makhoul, 31 October 1990
  9. Sergeant Johnny Maroun, 13 October 1990
  10. Sergeant Simon Abu Faisal, 13 October 1990
  11. Corporal Kamal Zeinati, 27 March 1976
  12. Corporal Samir El-Akoury, 2 September 1978
  13. Corporal Elias Kaady, 29 March 1984
  14. Corporal Elias El-Ghosein, 27 September 1985
  15. Corporal Georges Abu Rashed, 12 October 1986
  16. Corporal Ahmad El-Akoumy, 13 October 1990
  17. Corporal Jack Elias, 13 October 1990
  18. Corporal Maurice El-Khoury, 13 October 1990
  19. Corporal Samir Joseph Estephan, 13 October 1990
  20. Private Nicolas Kerbaj, 29 March 1976
  21. Private Yahya Shehadeh, 2 February 1984
  22. Private Charbel Chahine, 18 October 1986
  23. Private Georges Afif, 10 February 1990
  24. Private Michel Daher, 27 March 1990
  25. Private Jamal Nasser, 22 February 1990
  26. Private Kazem Saleh, 13 October 1990
  27. Private Gaby Gibrayel Makhlouf, 13 October 1990
  28. Private Osama El-Farkh, 13 October 1990
  29. Private Khaled El-Nabbout, 13 October 1990

B- Officers martyred in the line of duty

  1. Sergeant Jean Youssef, 20 August 1979
  2. Sergeant Halim Zugheib, 20 August 1979
  3. Sergeant Eid Gibrayel, 20 August 1979
  4. Corporal Khalil El-Zeibak, 13 July 1977
  5. Corporal Samir El-Akoury, 2 September 1978
  6. Corporal Khalil El-Ahmar, 19 December 1978
  7. Corporal Jirjis Eid, 20 August 1979
  8. Corporal Melhem Zeidan, 20 August 1979
  9. Corporal Louis Charbel, 20 August 1979
  10. Private Ragheb Amhaz, 20 August 1979
  11. Private Francois Farah, 20 August 1979
  12. Private Kozhaya Saleh, 20 August 1979
  13. Private Mohammed Assaf, 20 August 1979
  14. Private Ramez Hamze, 23 August 1979

C. Officers martyred while in service:

  1. Enlisted officer Adel Nader, 5 September 1990
  2. Staff Sergeant Hamid Daher, 4 January 1991
  3. Staff Sergeant Tanios Daher, 14 June 1999
  4. Private Toufic Asaad El-Bitar, 25 July 2001
  5. Private Jirjis Aoun, 16 December 1994
  6. Private Saad El-Tannoury, 26 December 1997
  7. Private Riyad Sassine, 26 February 1998