Frequently Asked Questions
- 1. Who were the Lebanese presidents who served following the independence?
|H.E. President Beshara El-Khoury
||1943 – 1952|
|A military government presided by the Commander-in-Chief of the Lebanese Army General Fuad Chehab for a period of 5 days|
|H.E. President Camille Nemr Chamoun
||1952 – 1958|
|H.E. President Fuad Abdallah Chehab
||1958 – 1964|
|H.E. President Charles Iskandar Helou
||1964 – 1970|
|H.E. President Sleimane Franjieh
||1970 – 1976|
|H.E. President Elias Sarkis
||1976 – 1982|
|H.E. President Beshir Pierre Gemayel (assassinated prior to taking office)|
|H.E. President Amine Pierre Gemayel
||1982 – 1988|
|Two governments: (A military government presided by General Michel Aoun, A civil government presided by Dr. Selim Hoss )
||1988 – 1989|
|H.E. President Renee Muawad ( assassinated 18 days after taking office)|
|H.E. President Elias Khalil Hrawi
||1989 – 1998|
|H.E. President Emile Jamil Lahoud
||1998 – 2007|
|The Lebanese Government
||2007 – 2008|
|H.E. President Michel Nouhad Sleiman
||2008- till present days|
- 2. Who were the presidents who served prior to the independence era?
|H.E. President Charles Debbas
||1926 – 1934 (Elected)|
|H.E. President Habib Pasha Saed
||1934 – 1936 (Appointed)|
|H.E. President Emile Edde
||1936 – 1941 (Elected)|
|H.E. President Alfred Georges Naccache
||1941 – 1943 (Appointed)|
|H.E. President Ayoub Thabet
||1943 (19 March-31 July) (Appointed)|
|H.E. President Petro Trad
||1943 (22 July to 30 September) (Appointed)|
|H.E. President Bechara Khalil El-Khoury
||1943 (21 September to 11 November) (Elected)|
|H.E. President Emile Edde
||1943 (11 November to 22 November) (Appointed)|
- 3. Where was the first presidential palace located?
The First presidential palace was located in Qantari in the area of Ras Beirut.
- 4. When was the presidential palace of Baabda built?
Construction works of Baabda Presidential Palace began during the term of H.E. President Camille Nemr Chamoun; the works were carried on until the late 60's.
- 5. Who was the first president to settle in Baabda Presidential Palace? And when did he do so?
The first president to settle in Baabda Presidential Palace was H.E. President Charles Iskandar, and that was during the last year of his term; i.e. in 1970.
- 6. Where is the Presidential Summer Residence? Where are the other presidential residences? How many times have they been used?
Beit Eddine Palace is the official presidential summer residence, given that all the presidency's departments used to move their offices there. Presidents Bechara El-Khoury and Camille Nemr Chamoun stayed in Beit Eddine for the summer during their terms whereas Presidents Fuad Chehab, Elias Sarkis and Emile Lahoud moved into Beit Eddine for shorter periods of time. As for the other presidential residences, they varied in accordance with the president's preference; some presidents settled in palaces in Sin El Fil, Jounieh, Zghorta, etc…
- 7. Who were the presidents who were assassinated?
Two presidents were assassinated :
- H.E. President Bashir Pierre Gemayel was assassinated on September 14, 1982, 21 days after his election and one week before taking office.
- H.E. President Renee Muawad was assassinated on November 22, 1989, 17 days after taking office.
- 8. What was the most prominent Arab Summit held in Beirut?
The summit meeting of the Council of the League of Arab States was held in Beirut from 27 to 28 March 2002, where the participants unanimously adopted the Arab initiative that aims to peacefully end the Arab-Israeli conflict.
- 9. What was the most prominent International Summit held in Beirut?
The Francophonie Summit was held in Beirut from 18 to 20 November 2002. The participating leaders and heads of state discussed a variety of political and cultural issues such as the dialogue of cultures, the Iraqi crisis, the Arab-Israeli conflict, the war on terrorism, and the African conflicts. However, the Beirut Francophonie Summit constituted a turning-point in the history of the International Francophonie Organization whereby, exceptionally and for the first time, the organization's discussions went beyond cultural issues and took clear stands on regional and international political issues.
- 10. How does H.E. the President of the Republic perceive Lebanon's role and mission?
H.E. the President of the Republic perceives Lebanon as a country of mission, for its land has been a crossroad of civilizations and has thus witnessed a succession of civilizations which turned it into an archetype of freedom and democracy as well as a vast sphere of tolerance, coexistence, mutual understanding and dialogue.
In line with the philosophy of its existence, Lebanon looks forward to playing the role of a forum for the dialogue of cultures and religions and a center of high-caliber scientific studies and research, and it would thus offer its experience to the service of peace, democracy and sustainable development.
Lebanon is a founding and active member of the United Nations General Assembly and the Arab League, the charts and decisions of which it abides by. In addition to that, Lebanon is united in solidarity with its Arab brethren; it commits itself to and supports all their just causes, primarily the Palestinian cause.
- 11. What is the opinion of H.E. the President of the Republic about the youths' role and the country's obligations towards them?
The Lebanese youth are the future of the country: they hold Tomorrow in their hands, and they carry the torch of Lebanon the mission and assume the responsibility of passing it on across the generations. Anguish and distress wore them out while harsh and bitter experiences polished and refined them. As a result, they have come to experience and appreciate Lebanon's philosophy and the essence of its existence. Should they be rightly guided and nurtured, a great undertaking that falls upon the State's shoulder, they shall conceive better innovative solutions for our insurmountable problems thanks to their high competences and diverse experiences. Then new horizons of innovation and excellence shall unfold in front of them on both the regional and international levels which would greatly enrich our region and our country.
Lebanon vows to grant the youth their rights, to efficiently integrate them in the Lebanese public life and to incite them to participate in finding solutions to national and public affairs. Furthermore, Lebanon commits itself to establish the adequate institutions and legislations to best cater to their needs.
- 12. What is the opinion of H.E. the President of the Republic about the Lebanese emigrants and their relationship with their country?
The Lebanese communities in the Diaspora are Lebanon's second precious support: they are a national treasure equal in its importance to the resident national treasure, not simply because they have stood by Lebanon in its critical periods and have supported it until it overcame its economic and financial crises, but also because they have contributed to the progress and advancement of modern sciences and to the growth and development of its communities. The Lebanese emigrants have raised Lebanon's name very high and have disseminated and defended its rights and causes.
Lebanon commits itself to reinforce the emigrants' adhesion and interaction with their homeland Lebanon and their co-citizens, and to increase their sensitivity to their nation's issues. To reach that aim, Lebanon shall spare no effort and no means, namely through focusing on emigrants' rights and on opening new communication channels.